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Zohre Delshadian

Zohre Delshadian

Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Title: Iron-binding optimization of bioactive casein phosphopeptides using response surface methodology; effect of pH, mass ratio and time

Biography

Biography: Zohre Delshadian

Abstract

Statement of the Problem: Casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) are mineral-binding bioactive peptides derived from enzymatic
digestion of casein. They have been shown to increase iron bioavailability due to increasing iron solubility at the alkaline pH of the intestine. Thus, they are potentially applicable as an advantageous preparation for iron fortification of food. This study aimed to characterize a commercially available CPP and determine optimum experimental conditions for binding it with ferrous iron. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The effect of three variables – pH (5-7.5), mass ratio of iron to CPP (MR) (0.04-0.16) and holding time (40-80 min) – on the CPP’s iron content was investigated using the central composite design (CCD) in response surface methodology (RSM), and a quadratic model was developed. The optimization in this survey was based on the maximum response. Findings: Among all the regression’s terms, the main and quadratic effects of pH represented the most significant influences on the iron content (P-value<0.05). The obtained optimum conditions were: pH 6.5, MR 0.14 and holding time 72 min, resulting in binding 68.66 mg iron per gram of the CPP. Conclusion & Significance: The quantity of iron bound to the CPP depended considerably on the experimental conditions
and proved the importance of optimization.